Effect of Pulse Repetition and Peak Power of Nd:YAG Laser for Surface Treatment on Ti–6Al–4V Alloy
S.H. Wang, M.D. Wei, L.W. Tsay. Tensile properties of LBW welds in Ti–6Al–4V alloy at evaluated temperatures below 450 ◦C. Mater. Lett. 57 (2003): 1815–1823.
G. Casalino, F. Curcio, F. Memola, C. Minutolo. Investigation on Ti6Al4V laser welding using statistical and Taguchi approaches. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 167 (2005): 422–428.
M. Akbari, S. Saedodin, D. Toghraie, R.S. Razavi, F. Kowsari. Experimental and numerical investigation of temperature distribution and melt pool geometry during pulsed laser welding of Ti6Al4V alloy. Optics &Laser Technology 59 (2014): 52–59.
E. Akman, A. Demir, T. Canel,T. Sınmazcelik. Laser welding of Ti6Al4V titanium alloys. J Mater Process Technol 209 (2009): 3705–3713.
J.E. Blackburn, CM. Allen, PA. Hilton, L. Li, MI. Hoque, KH. Khan. Modulated Nd: YAG laser welding of Ti–6Al–4V. Sci Technol Weld Joining. 15 (2010): 433–440.
S. Zhao, G. Yu, H. Xiuli, H. Yaowu. Microstructural and mechanical characteristics of laser welding of Ti6Al4V and lead metal. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 212 (2012): 1520– 1527.
Y.F. Tzeng. Process characterisation of pulsed Nd:YAG laser seam welding. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 16 (2000): 10–18.
Y.F. Tzeng. Parametric analysis of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser seam-welding process. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 102 (2000): 40–47.
J. Weldingh, JK. Kristensen. Very deep penetration laser welding—techniques and limitations. In: Proceedings of 8th NOLAMP Conference. 2001, Copenhagen, Denmark.
T.Y. Kuo, SL. Jeng. Porosity reduction in Nd–YAG laser welding of stainless steel and inconel alloy by using a pulsed wave. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38 (2005): 722–728.
S. Sundaresan, RGD. Janaki.. Use of magnetic arc oscillation for grain refinement of gas tungsten arc welds in alpha–beta titanium alloys. Sci. Technol. Weld. Join. 4 (1999): 151–160.
V.K. Balla, J. Soderlind, S. Bose, A. Bandyopadhyay. Microstructure, mechanical and wear properties of laser surface melted Ti6Al4V alloy. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials. 32 (2014) 335-344.
Q. Yunlian, D. Ju, H. Quan, Z. Liying.. Electron beam welding, laser beam welding and gas tungsten arc welding of titanium sheets. Mater. Sci. Eng. A280 (2000): 177–181.
P. Wanjara, M. Brochu, M. Jahazi. Thin gauge titanium manufacturing using multiple-pass-electron beam welding. Mater. Manuf. Proc. 21 (2006): 439–451.
V.C. Kumar.. Process parameters influencing melt profile and hardness of pulsed laser treated Ti–6Al–4V. Surf. Coat. Technol. 201 (2006): 3174–3180.